Uploaded by mark cartwright, published on 16 november 2018 under the following license. Domesday book, our oldest and most famous public record, describes the condition of england south of the river tees in 1066 and 1086. The site provides information about the 1086 domesday survey, the domesday book, background information on life in england at the time, links. Domesday book is a manuscript record of the great survey of much of england and parts of wales completed in 1086 by order of king william the conqueror. Learn more about out why and how domesday was created, and how to interpret it, in discover domesday. Domesday book is a manuscript record of the great survey of much of england and parts of wales completed in 1086 by order of king william the. It does not record names, nor does it give accurate population statistics, but it does give us an indication of the size of badsey, aldington and wickhamford. Note that the same name may not be the same person. Then, at the midwinter, was the king in gloucester with his council after this had the king a large meeting, and very deep consultation with his council, about this land. The national archives is the home of domesday book, the oldest surviving public record. The first draft was completed in august 1086 and contained records for,418 settlements in the english counties south of the rivers ribble and.
It records the number of households, the economic resources, who owned the land, and. Domesday book domesday book is the oldest government record held in the national archives. The existing literature on this remarkable memorial is so extensive, that it has not appeared advisable to quote largely from it. Bates, a bibliography of domesday book woodbridge, 1986 v. The most substantial change in this revised version of the original dataset 1a, 2007 is the addition of a single file ids. Allexton, goscote, leicestershire ashby folville, goscote, leicestershire ashley, stoke, northamptonshire attercliffe, strafforth, yorkshire babraham, chilford, cambridgeshire. It has been cited as an example of digital obsolescence on account of the physical medium used for data storage. A map indicating in colours the various districts circuits which were surveyed by domesday book of 1086 7 ce in norman britain. It had a recorded population of 118 households in 1086, putting it in the largest 20% of settlements recorded in domesday. Ordered to investigate how the country was occupied, and with what sort of people.
The domesday inquest, which took place in 1086, produced documents like this. Domesday book the domesday book was a survey designed to record everything that people owned in england. Contents explore records for towns and villages from the domesday book landowners information about the landowners featured in the records of the domesday book domesday history events in the domesday book s history through the past 900 years. Facts about domesday book talk about a manuscript record created under the order of king william the conqueror. Its purpose was to maximize the revenues from the land tax and it caused resentment and even riots. By contemporaries the whole operation was known as the description of england, but the popular name domesdayi. Find out how to search for your town or village, and how to access images of domesday along with an english translation, using our research guide. The domesday book was commissioned in december 1085 by william the conqueror, who invaded england in 1066. In fact there are two domesday books little domesday and about england in the 11th century. These pages can be accessed from the links in the bar above as you move around them. Domesday book is one of the most famous documents in english historyand arguably in world history.
Domesday book 1086 the middle ages encompass one of the most exciting periods in english history. The first facsimile edition of the manuscripts was made in a project led by the cartographer henry james in the 1860s. Domesday book was a comprehensive survey and record of all the landowners, property, tenants and serfs of medieval norman england which was compiled in 10867 ce under the orders of william the conqueror r. Domesday book the domesday book or, colloquially, domesday is the expression used since the late twelfth century to refer to the record of the great inquisition or survey of the lands of england, their extent, value, ownership, and liabilities, made by order of william the conqueror in 1086. Then sent he his men over all england into each shire.
Translation, databases and scholarly commentary, 1086. Rather than being owned, as is the case nowadays, land was held from a member of society higher up the social tree. Hallam, domesday book through nine centuries london, 1986 a survey of how the domesday book has been used since its composition, and how antiquarians and historians have viewed the record. Open library is an initiative of the internet archive, a 501c3 nonprofit, building a digital library of internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form.
Domesday book is the collective term for these two volumes. Domesday book definition of domesday book by the free. The written record of a census and survey of english landowners and their property made by order of william the conqueror in. Map of domesday book circuits illustration ancient. Allexton, goscote, leicestershire ashby folville, goscote, leicestershire ashley, stoke, northamptonshire attercliffe, strafforth, yorkshire babraham, chilford, cambridgeshire show 186 more. The domesday book of 1086 lists in the following order the tenantsinchief in devonshire of king william the conqueror. The domesday book 1086 was essentially an economic census of england, completed during the reign of william the conqueror, to find out how much each landholder had in arable land and what that land was worth in terms of the taxes they used to pay under edward the confessor. Bowley, pevensey, sussex brownwich, titchfield, hampshire clavering, clavering, essex eldersfield, pershore, worcestershire herefordshire forthampton, tewkesbury, gloucestershire herefordshire show 5 more. The domesday book was compiled on the orders of william the conquerer to catalogue the ownership and value of land in the newly conquered territories of england. Domesday book was a comprehensive survey and record of all the landowners, property, tenants and serfs of medieval norman england which was compiled in 10867. This page simply lists all places mentioned in domesday book.
The first draft was completed in august 1086 and contained records for,418 settlements in the english counties south of the rivers ribble and tees the border with scotland at the time. Great burstead was a settlement in domesday book, in the hundred of barstable and the county of essex. The bbc domesday project was a partnership between acorn computers, philips, logica and the bbc with some funding from the european commissions esprit programme to mark the 900th anniversary of the original domesday book, an 11thcentury census of england. Alderton domesday book alderton village gloucestershire. The domesday book or, colloquially, domesday is the expression used since the late twelfth century to refer to the record of the great inquisition or survey of the lands of england, their extent, value, ownership, and liabilities, made by order of william the conqueror in 1086. The world of domesday exhibition depicts life in 11th century england. It contains the results of a huge survey of land and landholding commissioned by william i in 1085. Although the domesday survey was made in 1086, the detail it preserves is crucial for historians of earlier periods. Now available in one volume, here is the complete, authoritative translation from the original latin, together with an index of places and a glossary of terms used. Before william took it over, the land was owned by queen edith of wessex, who was the richest woman in england at the time. You can also access the discover domesday exhibition, explaining why domesday. In the 11th century, surnames were still in a state of flux and many people still did not have what we would consider a.
Domesday is now available online, and you can search for your town or village, and download images of domesday along with an english translation of the entry. Galbraith, the making of domesday book oxford, 1961 e. The national archives education service domesday book. It was ordered by william the conqueror the winner of the recent battle of hastings so that william could determine how much money in taxes he could raise and to give william a better sense of the territory he had just conquered. While spending the christmas time of 1085 in gloucester, william had deep speech with his counsellors and sent men all over england to each shire to find. Domesday book synonyms, domesday book pronunciation, domesday book translation, english dictionary definition of domesday book. Surnames mentioned in the domesday book british surnames. The text of domesday book, the record of the great survey of england completed in 1086 executed for william i of england, was first edited by abraham farley in the 1770s.
One of the most important historical events of the medieval era is the domesday book. Conceived by william i, but probably to some extent based on preconquest administrative records, it was the most comprehensive assessment of property and land ever undertaken in medieval europe. An extension of the latin and an english translation of the domesday book, as far as it relates to hampshire. The immediate lord over the peasants after the conquest, who paid tax to the tenantinchief. The record was compiled in 1086 1087, a mere twenty years after the norman conquest, at the order of william the conqueror. An english translation of the latin text for most counties was published by victoria county history during much of. Open domesday has links to the full domesday book and images of all of the. Domesday is now available online, and you can search for your town or village, and download images of domesday along with an. Open domesday the first free online copy of domesday book. The domesday book online frequently asked questions. Open domesday shows all the domesday places within 5 km. Domesday book, the original record or summary of william is survey of england. The domesday book is a great land survey from 1086, commissioned by william the conqueror to assess the extent of the land and resources being owned in england at the time, and the extent of. Tr introduction the first approach to a modern assessment roll or cataster is the well known.
The book is also called as great survey for it covers the information in many parts of wales and england. The precise purpose of the enterprise is not known but the most likely reason was to determine who legally owned what land, to settle disputes of ownership and to measure income, particularly agricultural income, in order to apply a future tax. The system of landholding as portrayed throughout the domesday book was based on a rigid social hierarchy called the feudal system, imposed in england by william the conqueror following his successful 1066 conquest. And then the production of domesday book itself was later. In 2011, the open domesday site made the manuscript available online. Domesday book was compiled in ad 1086 for william the conqueror. This name is associated with 1 place before the conquest. The domesday book or, colloquially, domesday is the expression used since the late. Bowley, pevensey, sussex brownwich, titchfield, hampshire clavering, clavering, essex eldersfield, pershore, worcestershire herefordshire forthampton, tewkesbury, gloucestershire herefordshire.47 1340 1396 1240 948 1290 573 427 1479 870 1201 176 1196 1496 760 498 474 1057 1100 1217 60 562 300 1369 1398 183 639 576 819 575 661